Legend has it that the fortification of Brasov was decided by King Sigismund of Luxembourg in 1395 after a military campaign against the Turks.

It seems that the first belt wall of Brasov was finished at the beginning of the 15th century but, as the Ottoman sieges proved, the fortifications had to be improved and so the construction site continued, for repairs or new constructions, until the first half of the 17th century.


The effectiveness of the defence system is demonstrated by the fact that from the Turkish invasion in 1421 until the Austrian troops entered the city in 1688, Brasov was never again conquered. 


In the 14th century, the excess water from the springs that flowed through Brasov's Scheii and through the streets of the medieval fortress was diverted through an artificial channel, called "Graft" (ditch) at the foot of Romurilor Hill.

The canal was also used as a natural obstacle in the defensive system of the Citadel.  

The Graft Bastion was built between 1515 and 1521 to ensure communication between the defenders of the White Tower and the fortress, and for this purpose had a mobile gate.

Rectangular in shape, about 4 metres thick at the base, the fortification is provided with wooden closing firing ports and pouring ports.

It was defended and maintained by the saddlers' guild (= saddle, harness and belt makers).

Due to a heavy rain on 24 August 1809, the walls of the fortress weakened in the Graft area and had to be reinforced. In 1822 three retaining arches were built across the stream, one of which still exists today.

 

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